Creating a Cleaner and Greener Tomorrow
Waste is an unavoidable by-product of human activities. Rapid rate at which economies are expanding along with the rising living standards, around the world, have led to increases in the quantity and complexity of generated waste.
Waste management is the collection, transportation, processing, recycling or disposal, and monitoring of waste materials. Growth of unmanageable waste generation and garbage pile-ups is a global ecological issue due to its contribution to global warming.
Environmental cleanup and waste recycling has got its importance recently more than ever in the event of alarming increase in global warming. Unmanaged release and accumulation of toxic gases like Carbon Monoxide (CO) and Methane (CH4) in the earth's atmosphere form a thick blanket that trap sun's heat. This is the main cause of global warming. By properly disposing and recycling the waste produced by human activities, the accumulation of the toxic gases can be tremendously reduced.
There are degradable and non-degradable wastes. Degradable wastes are mainly organic substances. There are hazardous and non-hazardous wastes. Solid waste is a mixture of organic and inorganic waste generated by domestic or commercial activities. Solid waste is generated from households, offices, hotels, hospitals, shops, schools, vegetable markets, fruit markets, meat markets, slaughter houses, construction sites, factories, shopping malls etc. The waste mainly consists of food waste, paper, plastic, metal, used bottles/cans, glass, demolition and construction debris etc. There are categories of waste that need special treatment for instance bio-medical waste and hazardous wastes such as electric bulbs, batteries, automotive parts and discarded medicines, chemicals.